10 minutes maximum! Can you do it in 5?

1. Any (micro)organism that causes disease is called a ...

  • A. virus
  • B. pathogen
  • C. bacteria
  • D. protist
2-5: These questions are about specific diseases. Choose the correct microorganism that causes the diseases:

corona virus image

2. Cholera, salmonella and tuberculosis
3. HIV (leading to AIDS)
4. Rose black spot and chalara ash dieback
5. Malaria
6. Which of the following statements about viruses is correct?
  • A. Viruses are only reproduced inside an infected living cell and can cause cell damage
  • B. Viruses can reproduce in the blood stream unaided
  • C. Viruses reproduce outside the body before causing disease internally when a high viral load exists
  • D. Viruses self-replicate unaided throughout the body and cause disease by producing toxins

7. Disease can be spread in many ways. Which of the following rows correctly describes how Malaria and HIV are transmitted?

  Malaria HIV
A water airborne
B animal vector airborne
C animal vector body fluids
D water body fluids

8. Some diseases can be spread in small droplets when people sneeze or cough. This includes...

  • A. measles and malaria
  • B. HIV and gonorrhoea
  • C. tuberculosis and measles
  • D. cholera and salmonella

9. Some diseases are caused by lifestyle choices. Which diseases are commonly caused by excessive alcohol consumption and smoking?

  Alcohol Smoking
A cardiovascular diseases liver diseases
B liver diseases cardiovascular diseases
C cardiovascular diseases bowel diseases
D bowel diseases liver diseases

10. Which word best completes this sentence?

"Symptoms of salmonella infection include fever, abdominal cramps, vomiting and diarrhoea, caused by __________ and the toxins they secrete."

  • A. bacteria
  • B. viruses
  • C. antigens
  • D. protists